The concept of material inputs per unit of service (MIPS), which today is called the material footprint (MF), is a technique that measures the amount of materials / resources that are extracted from nature and the consumption of these materials during the manufacturing stages, use, disposal / recycling (Michael Ritthoff et al, 2002).

The material footprint (MF) can be calculated on a local, regional, national or even at global scale.

In the analysis of material footprint (MF), material inputs are divided into five categories (Michael Ritthoff et al, 2002):

Representation of the steps in the analysis of material footprint (MF) (Michael Ritthoff et al, 2002)
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